Hemp and marijuana are separate species both classified under the same genus, cannabis; which is classified under the broader family umbrella, cannabaceae. While both species have a broad spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes, the primary differences are that hemp is commonly richer in CBD and will have under 0.3% THC.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the second most common compound found in cannabis, whether it be from hemp or from marijuana. CBD has the potential to produce a wide variety of therapeutic effects ranging from pain management, to combatting inflamation. Unlike THC, the most common constituent of cannabis, CBD does not have any psychoactive properties and will not cause the “high” commonly associated with cannabis.
CBD oil is a term used to describe a sublingual tincture product that has been infused with CBD, whether it be isolate or full spectrum. These products are made by combining a CBD extract from cannabis into a base like safflower oil, grapeseed oil, or alcohol, to name a few. Sublingual tinctures are designed to be placed under the tongue, and are faster acting than traditional ingestible products (i.e. gummies, chocolates, baked goods, capsules/tablets). It is recommended to hold a sublingual tincture under the tongue for a minimum of 30-60 seconds, or longer, to have efficient absorption into the bloodstream.
Some products come in “Isolate” varieties and some come in “Full Spectrum” varieties. When you see “Isolate” or “CBD Isolate” on the packaging, it means that CBD is the only molecule from the cannabis plant contained within the product. When you see “Full Spectrum” listed on the product, this means that the product contains a comprehensive list of cannabinoids and terpenes that are found in the cannabis plant. Recent research suggests that full spectrum products may bring to the table more potential benefits than isolate products, as these molecules are said to have an “entourage effect” when working together.
Yes. Pets can potentially benefit from CBD for many of the same conditions as humans: pain, inflammation, seizures, anxiety, and more. It is important to take into consideration that our pets are typically much smaller than we are, and as a result can benefit from much smaller doses.
Yes. This is because CBD functions as a Cytochrome P450 inhibitor. Cytochrome P450 is a family of enzymes responsible for metabolizing a significant amount of over the counter and prescription drugs in the marketplace. There are compounds in grapefruit that inhibit this same family of enzymes. This is why many medications have a warning on the label to not take in conjunction with grapefruit or grapefruit juice. Inhibiting this class of enzymes can either reduce or increase the effectiveness of these substances. To view a list of some of the medications that are processed by one particular enzyme in this family, see here: